Silver Dollar Metynnis argenteus/hypsauchen

Silver Dollar
Silver Dollar
Silver Dollar
Silver Dollar is the name given to several species of fish, mainly in the Metynnis, Myleus and Mylossoma genera. The name just Silver Dollar without further description is given to both Metynnis argenteus and the similar-looking M. hypsauchen. The Metynnis genus has a longer adipose (back dorsal) fin than the small round tetra-like adipose on the other two genera.
Silver Dollar
Silver Dollar
Silver Dollar
The Silver Dollar is native to slow-moving, vegetated waters of the Guyana Shield rivers, the Orinoco, western Amazon and Paraguay basins. They are related to Piranha but mainly vegetarian. They live in peaceful shoals and can grow to 15cm (5-6 inches) long. Some say that M. hypsauchen has a small black spot just above and behind each eye, which M. argentueus doesn't have.
Silver Dollar with red hook
Silver Dollar with red hook
Silver Dollar with red hook
Both species are shiny silver disc-like fish. They can develop red around the chin and fins. Older males may develop longer anal fins. Breeding males may have a black or red border to the tail fin and may develop two dark spots near the pectoral fins. They may also get some marbling on the flanks. Males are slightly smaller than breeding females. Those with red hooked anal fins above are breeding males (one source says breeding females) but are not the Red Hook Silver Dollar, which is a separate species (and genus).
blue line

Red Spot Silver Dollar - Metynnis mola

Silver Dollar with red spot
Some Silver Dollars are said to develop a red spot on the lateral line when breeding. This fish with the wide, red-edged tail fin is said to be called the Red Spot Silver Dollar, Metynnis mola, - the red spot being a permanent feature which is thought to allow the species to identify each other. It is native to the Paraguay-ParanĂ¡ River basin. It grows to 15cm long.