Striped Leporinus Leporinus fasciatus

Striped Leporinus
Striped Leporinus
Striped Leporinus
The Striped Leporinus, also called the Banded and the Black-banded Leporinus, is native to the Amazon Basin. It is Headstander, Anostomidae, family and is sometimes called the Striped or Barred Headstander, but other fish in the family also have these names (eg the Redfin Anostomus and the Marbled Headstander, among others) and most are striped, barred or banded. It often holds stationary, head downward at a 30 degree angle, where it is camouflaged by tree roots. It grows to 20cm long. It eats nuts and seeds and is said even to steal these from a Pacu's mouth. There is a very similar fish in the same region, L. affinis, that is also called the Striped or Banded Leporinus (both in the USA captive trade called Jailbird Leporinus); usually the Affinis has one less band.
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Y-striped Leporinus Leporinus yophorus

Y-striped Leporinus
Y-striped Leporinus
Y-striped Leporinus
The Y-striped Leporinus is native to the Meta and Orinoco river systems of Colombia and Venezuela. They eat algae and invertebrates from rocks, logs and leaves, often in a downward "headstander" pose at an angle like other members of the Anostomidae, family. Like the related Striped Leporinus further up the page, exact colour (white, silver, yellow) and pattern can vary by region.
Y-striped Leporinus
Y-striped Leporinus
Y-striped Leporinus
Like the Striped Leporinus, habitat varies - rivers, streams, floodplain lakes and seasonally flooded forests. Like other Leporinus, their torpedo shape lets them swim against fast currents and jump well out of the water evading predators. The name Y-striped refers to the half-split band at the highest point of the fish's back and the name Leporinus refers to rabbitlike dentition.
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Three-spot Leporinus Leporinus friderici

Threespot Leporinus
Threespot Leporinus
3-spot Leporinus
The Three-spot (Threespot, Three Spot) Leporinus is native to fast-flowing or moderate waters of the Amazon and Orinoco Basins and Guyana Shield. It usually shows three black spots on each flank but can show a fourth (less distinct, above right) or more small spots. Like the Striped Leporinus, it gathers in large shoals. Eating mainly fruit, seeds and termites, they grow to 40cm long.
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Lipstick Leporinus Leporinus arcus

Lipstick Leporinus
Lipstick Leporinus
Several Leporinus species, including most of those above, have claim to the "lipstick" name with bright red around the chin, but this one was awarded the name Lipstick Leporinus. It is native to the Guyana Shield river systems including the Orinoco, Essequibo and parts of the Amazon tributaries. Like other Leporinus, it swims fast against strong currents and leaps well out of the water, allowing it to reach upstream spawning sites. It grows to some 25-30cm long. Its tweezer-like teeth let it pull algae from rocks on the river bed.
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