Jackdaw Corvus monedula

Jackdaw
Jackdaw
Jackdaws are smaller than Crows and have a mostly grey head with a black cap, a dark grey front and distinctive light/white eyes. Often seen in pairs, they have a strong pair-bond.
Jackdaw
Jackdaw
Jackdaw
Those in the UK/Europe through to mid-Russia/Central Asia are also called the Western or Eurasian Jackdaw, to distinguish from the Daurian Jackdaw in the Far East.
Jackdaw flock
Jackdaw
juvenile Jackdaw
They are gregarious birds which spend much of their time high in trees or on high buildings. They often nest high on churches, cathedrals and similar; also on cliffs. Above right is a juvenile.
Jackdaw on bird feeder
Jackdaw on bird feeder
Jackdaw on bird feeder
Jackdaws on garden feeders. The flock ("clattering") has a strong social hierarchy. Jackdaws will occasionally carry off and hoard shiny material/objects, as magpies do.
Jackdaw white collar soemmerringii
Jackdaw
Jackdaw
There are four subspecies of Eurasian Jackdaw over its range, most here being C. m. spermologus in the UK and most of Western and Central Europe. Above left with a partial white collar is C. m. soemmerringii, which covers northeast Europe, Western Russia, Turkey through to Central Asia as far as Mongolia and north India. The nominal subspecies covers Scandinavia and Eastern Europe.