Greater Horseshoe Bat Rhinolophus ferrumequinum

Greater Horseshoe Bat
Greater Horseshoe Bat
The Greater and Lesser Horseshoe Bats are among the rarest in the UK, prevalent in Wales and the southwest. They are also found across warm-temperate Eurasia and in North Africa. Many thanks to Martin Starnes for all the photos on this page (even though he uses flash on the bats.)
Greater Horseshoe Bat
Greater Horseshoe Bat
Fogou
The Greater Horseshoe Bat is among the UK's largest with a wingspan of 35-40cm but a body length of only 5-7cm. It hibernates in caves, tunnels and disused mines - the photo above right is of the Cornish fogou in which they were photographed and which closes in autumn to protect their hibernation. They also use outbuildings for roosting. The fleshy "horseshoe" on the nose, after which they are named, is used for as a receiver for echolocation (70-80KHz).