Dwarf Hawkfish Cirrhitichthys falco

Dwarf Hawkfish
Dwarf Hawkfish
Dwarf Hawkfish
The Dwarf Hawkfish, also called Falco's Hawkfish, is native to tropical reefs in the Indian and western Pacific region. Hawkfish are not aggressive, they are named after their tendency to sit on top of corals to survey the area, like hawks (or falco(n)s). The Dwarf Hawkfish reaches a length of up to 7cm. It has tassels on its dorsal spines. A dominant male groups with a harem of females. If the harem becomes too big, a large female may transition to male and split with some of the females. Unusually, the new male may revert to female if challenged by a larger male. A male can become female and breed succesfully as female.

(Pixy) Spotted Hawkfish Cirrhitichthys oxycephalus

Pixy Spotted Hawkfish
Pixy/Coral Spotted Hawkfish
Pixy/Coral Spotted Hawkfish
Two hawkfish share the name "Spotted Hawkfish": the Pixy Spotted, shown, also called Coral Hawkfish, native to tropical reefs in the Indian and Pacific (western and eastern) Oceans, and Cirrhitichthys aprinus, native to Indo-west Pacific, which is more tiger-striped with spots. Both have tassels on the dorsal spines. The Pixy Spotted reaches a length of up to 10cm (its namesake reaches 12.5cm). Hawkfish don't have swimbladders and appear to "stand" or perch on their pectoral fins on coral like hawks. (Another fish, Amblycirrhitus pinos, is called the Redspotted Hawkfish.)